Saturday, April 30, 2011

A Fact List for Modelling.

Glamours, hot and success, models are portraied the symbol of a luxurious life. 
I feel it is mundane to pay over emphasis on those superficial stuff, yet I could not conceal my interest and madly adoration towards the world of fashion and glamour. 
May it be a habit of woman to overlook appearance.Nevertheless, a vacation is a vacation. Let's put some genuine effort in understanding the world of fame, sensual, power and desire.
First lesson,as I indicated right in the beginning,  is a study of models.      

A model (from Middle French modèle), sometimes called a mannequin, is a person who is employed for the purpose of displaying and promoting fashion clothing or other products and for advertising or promotional purposes or who poses for works of art.
Modelling is distinguished from other types of public performance, such as an acting, dancing or mime artist, although the boundary is not well defined. Appearing in a movie or a play is not considered modelling. However, models may be considered to express emotion in their photographs or video.
Types of modelling include fashion, glamour, fitness, bikini, fine art, and body-part models. Models are features in a variety of media formats including books, magazines, movies, newspapers, and TV. The models themselves can be a featured part of a movie ( Looker, Tattoo), reality television show, or music video.

Modeling agency
A modeling agency is a company that represents a group of models which they call their model board. A model bookers (also called "booker" or "agent") are a group of people who manage a model's career. An agent helps a model find jobs, book jobs, gives advice, and emails or gives copy books and comp cards to various clients they work with. ( a comp card is a selection of pictures printed on a card, a copy book is a scanned version of a models portfolio). An agent may send models to various clients and schedule modeling interviews (also called go and see or castings).
A model does not have to work with an agent but it is highly recommended for fashion/runway models. 

Fashion Model
The job ranking for fashion models are: print (part time), print modelling (full time), runway modelling, and supermodel.

Print modeling
Print models showcase clothes in images used in magazines, newspapers, advertisements, billboards, press kits, etc. Fashion models may be used to display or promote various types of clothing, such as dresses, jeans, suits, lingerie, or swimsuit. They are known as a "editorial model" or "photographic model". They can work all over the world. The fashion capitals are London, Paris, Tokyo, Milan, and New York. Though there are markets in almost every country, shooting can take you anywhere from a studio to exotic locations like Fiji or Morocco, which can make a career exciting but also demanding.
The requirements for print models depends on the needs of the employer. Models must be well kept- hair, skin, and attractive or unique features.

Runway modeling
Runway models showcases clothes from fashion designers, fashion media, and consumers. They are also called "live models" and they are self employed. Runway models work in different locations. Models constantly travel to large cities where fashion is well known - London, Milan, New York City, and Paris.
Some runway models were discovered as print models. The requirement to become a runway model includes certain height and weight requirements. During runway shows, models have to constantly change clothes and makeup. The models turns and stands to demonstrate the garment's key features. Models also go to interviews (called go and sees) and must keep a portfolio of their work. They go to modeling interviews to find more work. The more experience a model have, the more that she is likely to be hired for a fashion show. Girls who do not get cast on the fashion show are sent home. A model can work in other areas, such as department store fashion shows, creating product lines, acting etc.
 The British Association of Model Agents (AMA) says that female models should be around 34-24-34 in (86-61-86 cm) and 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m) tall.The model must be slender and in shape.
The preferred dimensions for a male model are a height of 6 ft 0 in (1.83 m) to 6 ft 2 in (1.91 m), a waist of 28–32 in (71.12–81.28 cm) and a chest measurement of 36–40 in (91.44–101.60 cm). Male runway models have been noted as being skinny and well toned.
Male and female models must also possess clear skin, healthy hair, and attractive facial features.
The former requirement measurements for models used to be 35.5-23.5-35.5 in (90-60-90 cm), which were the alleged measurements of Marilyn Monroe. Today's fashion models tend to have measurements closer to the AMA recommended shape. Although in some fashion industries, a size 00 is more ideal than a size 0.
Recently, runway walks are less flamboyant compared to the late '80s and early '90s, when Naomi Campbell and other supermodels were known for their distinct struts. Instead, most designers want a natural stroll.

According to Forbes and the Guinness Book, the richest model in the world is Brazilian Gisele Bündchen
Supermodels are highly paid, high profile fashion models. These (usually female) celebrities appear on top fashion magazine covers, in catalogues, and in fashion shows.

Glamour models
Glamour photography emphasizes the model and the model's sexuality rather than products, fashion or the environment. Glamour modelling often focuses on the body of the subject and insinuations of sexuality serve to enhance a product's attractiveness. Glamour models may be used for mass-produced calendars, pinup and for men's magazines, such as Playboy magazine. Famous glamour models include Pamela Anderson, Jordan, Jodie Marsh, Lucy Pinder, and Louise Glover.
Fitness modelsFitness modeling centers on displaying an athletic physique. Fitness models usually have defined muscles like bodybuilders, but with less emphasis on muscle size. Their body weight is usually similar to (or heavier than) fashion models, but they have a lower body fat percentage due to increased muscle mass relative to fat mass.

Bikini models
Bikini models are also usually required to be obviously fit and with an appealing body shape. Bikini models can usually be shorter, around 5 ft 5 in (1.65 m) to 5 ft 8 in (1.73 m).
Models with other objects
Stainless steel chair in use in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The model is used in order to combine her beauty with the chair design and supposedly, increase sales.
Due to various aspects, models are used to increase sales of a wide variety of products including: cars, food, furniture, electronic devices, etc.

Artist's models
Main article: Model (art)
Art models are models who pose for photographers, painters, sculptors, and other artists as part of their work of art.
Models are frequently used for training art students, but are also employed by accomplished artists. The most common types of art created using models are figure drawing, figure painting, sculpture and photography. Although commercial motives dominate over the esthetics in advertising, its 'artwork' commonly employs models.
Models for life drawing classes are often entirely nude, apart from visually non-obstructive personal items such as small jewelry and sometimes eyeglasses. In a job advertisement seeking nude models, this may be referred to as being "undraped" or "disrobed". (Alternatively, a cache-sexe may be worn.

Gravure idols
A gravure idol (グラビアアイドル gurabia aidoru), often abbreviated to gradol (グラドル guradoru) is a Japanese female model who primarily models on magazines, especially thorse marketed to men,  photobooks or DVDs. Gravure idols, in most cases, emphasize their sexual attractiveness and often model in swimsuits.
Gravure idols appear in a wide range of photography styles and genres. Their photos are largely aimed at male audiences. Gravure idols rarely appear fully nude in their photos, but their poses often can be labeled as semi-provocative.

Alternative models
An alternative model is any model that does not fit into the conventional model types, and may include punk, goth, fetish, tattooed models or models having a distinctive attribute. These mix with high fashion and art models. Publishers such as Goliath in Germany have enabled alternative models and punk photography to become known to a larger audience.
Body-parts models
Some models are employed for their particularly attractive body parts. For example, hand models may be used to promote nail products and are frequently part of most television commercials.

Despite the stereotype of modeling as a lucrative and glamorous profession, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics the median wage for commercial and print models was only $11.22 per hour in 2006.MarketWatch listed modeling as one of the ten worst jobs in America. Print models may work for manufacturers, stores, etc. for little or no pay. Experienced print models can make about $200- $ 500 per hour. Some print models do not work with an agent. The ones that work with an agent must give 15 - 20 % of the model's earnings to the agent. Famous print models can make thousands of dollars.
 Beginner female runway model make less money than models that have experience. The average wage for a female runway model can range from $ 250 -$1,000 an hour per runway walk. The average salary of a runway model is $ 500,000.Well known runway models can make thousands and millions per year. Costs of travel, transportation, food, hotels, etc. are deducted from the model's pay. Fashion models can get discovered by editors, cosmetic companies, photographers, fashion industry professionals, etc. A contract girl for a cosmetic company can make about $ 300,000 to $ 2 million per year.
 Male runway model makes less than female runway models. Beginner models can earn up to $ 150 per shoot. The famous male models make at least $500,000 per year. Designer clothing and fragrance ads pay the most money. A male runway model can earn up to $8,000-$15,000 per day for high end catalogues.

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